In 1912, and again in 1915, William J. Wintemberg, an archaeologist with the National Museum of Canada (today the Canadian Museum of History), excavated a site near Prescott, Ontario, which he named “Roebuck” after a nearby hamlet. The people who had once lived at the site were related to the Iroquoian language-speakers met and described by Jacques Cartier at Stadacona (today’s Québec City) and Hochelaga (today’s Montréal). But was the Roebuck site earlier or later than Cartier? And what can the site tell us about communities that had vanished by the time Samuel de Champlain sailed up the same river, less than a century later, to establish a permanent French settlement at the former site of Stadacona? Read the complete article.